Seremban (Jawi: سرمبن) is the capital of the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan, located within the district of Seremban, one of the seven districts of Negeri Sembilan. The town's administration is run by the Seremban Municipal Council also known as Majlis Perbandaran Seremban. On 9 September 2009, Seremban was to be declared as a city, however it was later deferred due to technical reasons. However, the idea of granting city status has been brought up again and Seremban is expected to become a city on 9 September 2013.
|Motto: 5S The Foundation of Work Excellence|
|Coordinates: 2°43′N 101°57′E|
|Coordinates: 2°43′N 101°57′E|
Seremban was originally founded as Sungei Ujong (or Sungai Ujong), named after a nearby river of the same name. While the town was renamed Seremban thereafter, the Sungai Ujong name most prominently persists as a street name for a road adjoining the southern side of town (Sungai Ujong Road, or Jalan Sungai Ujong).
The town is also referred alternately as "Fu Yong" (Chinese: 芙蓉) among the Chinese-speaking community, although the name is unrecognised officially.
Sungai Ujong came into existence with the discovery of tin ore in the 1870s like most major towns in Peninsular Malaysia. The discovery of tin in a nearby area called Rasah, saw an influx of Arab, Malay andChinese immigrants to work on the mines and trade there. Most of the local Malays were farmers.
Renamed to Seremban, the town flourished not only as a mining area but also a business centre. The Linggi River served as the sole outlet to ferry tin and supplies in and out of the town. Revenue came not only from tin trade but also from the large amount of taxes collected, much to the displeasure of the traders and the British colonialists at the neighbouring port of Malacca.
The local chieftains, namely the Dato’ Kelana and the Dato’ Shahbandar of Sungai Ujong were at odds with each other on the rights to collect taxes and ownership and control of the mines. The rivalry to assert influence and authority opened the door for British intervention in Negeri Sembilan. The British sided with the Dato’ Kelana upon invitation and defeated the forces of the Dato’ Bandar who was later sent into exile to Singapore. In a show of gratitude to the British for helping him win the war, the Dato’ Kelana had no choice but to accept a British Resident whose job was to advise him on matters other than religion and Malay customs.
Captain Murray was appointed the first resident and later set-up his residence at Channer Road, now renamed Jalan Dato’ Siamang Gagap. Soon after, the people living around Rasah moved to Channer Road for the sake of security and its orderly administration.
Historically, Negeri Sembilan is influenced by the Minangkabau's and thus, Seremban is the centre of the Minangkabau culture in Malaysia. Minangkabau, derived from the Malay word menang kerbau, which means "winning buffalo", are famous for their unique roof architecture which resembles buffalo horns. Many buildings in Seremban adapted this feature, such as the Seremban Municipal Council Hall, the Wisma Negeri and the State Museum.
People of Negeri Sembilan are also known for the practice of an ancient Malay tradition called Adat Perpatih, where women are given a higher social status than men.
The state, which been home to a number of multinationals from Japan, South Korea, the United States and the European Union. The manufacturing sector today forms the backbone of the state economy, contributing almost half of the state’s gross domestic product (GDP), followed by services and tourism (40.3%), agriculture (6%), construction (2.2%) and mining (0.3%).
Seremban is the business and commercial centre for most towns and villages in Negeri Sembilan. During the weekends, residents from outlying areas come to Seremban by commuter train or buses to shop in Seremban. Amway opened their first concept shop in Seremban in August 2008 as on-going expansion strategy to give its distributors and customers a new shopping experience.
Terminal One Shopping Centre ("T1", previously known as Terminal One Mall) is located at the heart of Seremban. It was built in 1996.Parking is located in the building with rate maximum RM5 per day. Lost ticket will be penalised RM50.
Besides T1 and AEON Seremban 2, many shopping outlets are concentrated in town centre;Wisma Punca Emas, Km Plaza, Parkson Seremban Prima replace Seremban Parade, The Store,Palm Mall and Era Square. As the population increases from time, it attracted two major hypermarkets in Malaysia, namely Giant Hypermarket, Tesco Extra, Econsave to open their outlet here and on February 2010, ÆON launched their grand opening at Seremban Forest Heights which replace Carrefour.
Apart from shopping complexes, Seremban has designated numerous zones in the city to market locally manufactured products such as antiques, textiles, fabrics and handicrafts. Local municipal council has gazetted Jalan Utam Singh as morning flea market during weekend. In 2009, Sungai Ujong Walk located in Jalan Dr. Murugesu was opened by local council president. The walk is using the Malacca well known Jonker Street and was provided 72 business site where 30 sites will sell food and beverage while the rest is general requirement in the area besides providing stage to enable any show or cultural shows held. It is perceived as a future location that will revive night atmosphere apart from enliven the area around.
Seremban has a number of hospitals and medical centres, which include a government hospital and private owned hospitals.
Hospital Tuanku Ja'afar, formerly known as Seremban General Hospital is the state and referral hospital for the state of Negeri Sembilan. Established in 1930 with total capacity 800 beds and 20 clinical specialities and various supportive services. Situated at Bukit Rasah, Seremban, the hospital occupying an area of 212 acres (0.86 km2) of land.
The other hospitals include Columbia Asia Medical Center Seremban, which opened in 1999 and now has 80 beds and offers outpatient and inpatient specialist services, a 24-hour clinic and emergency services.
In 2004 a new hospital was established, Seremban Specialist Hospital which has total capacity of 109 beds. The hospital located at the outskirt of Seremban which is just behind State Museum.
Negeri Sembilan Chinese Medical Center Maternity Hospital is also a private hospital that has 75 beds. It located along Jalan Tun Ismail.
There is also a hospital in Senawang, the 101 beds Salam Senawang Specialist Hospital (SSH) which opened in 2008.